siehe u.a. die Bodo Hombach Geschaefte mit Super Verbrechern ueberall auf dem Balkan.
Die Prominenz der Serbischen, Montenegrischen und Albanischen Mafia in einer guten „Geschäfts Verbindung“
Man hat ja die Staatlich finanzierten Verbrecher Lobbyisten Vereine.Die Betrugs Abteilung OLAF der EU und Bodo Hombach mit seinem WAZ Schrott im Balkan
'Balkan Route' Addressed in UN Drug Report| 24 June 2010 |
Corruption and insufficient regional cooperation in transit countries, including in the Balkans, are noted as significant challenges facing the effort to clamp down on drug trafficking, the 2010 World Drug Report from the UN Office on Drugs and Crime finds.
Drug traffickers find various ways to smuggle narcotics through the region
The report, which focuses largely on global heroin and cocaine production and trafficking, includes data on the so-called 'Balkan route' via which heroin originating mainly from Afghanistan makes its way across the Balkans to consumers in Western Europe, which is the world's largest heroin market.
The Balkans are pointed to as one of the main transit routes for heroin, while the quantity of drugs seized in Southeast Europe is considered to be quite low, with corruption, strong organised crime groups, and a lack of regional cooperation pointed to as contributing factors.
Networks of local diaspora in Western Europe are described as part of the heavily used Balkan route, while inter-ethnic cooperation is also found to be flourishing in the trafficking world.
"Most of the heroin dispatched from Afghanistan to West Europe proceeds overland along the so-called ‘Balkan route’, transiting the Islamic Republic of Iran (or Pakistan to the Islamic Republic of Iran), Turkey and the countries of South-East Europe.
It is estimated that 37 per cent of all Afghan heroin, or 140 mt, departs Afghanistan along this route, to meet demand of around 85 mt. Most of the heroin interdicted in the world is seized along this route: between them, the Islamic Republic of Iran and Turkey were responsible for more than half of all heroin seized globally in 2008."
However, the report notes that Balkan countries are less successful in seizing these drugs as they transit the region, for reasons including corruption, lack of regional cooperation, and "clan-based and hierarchically organized structures".
According to the report: "Once heroin leaves Turkish territory, interception efficiency drops significantly. In the Balkans, relatively little heroin is seized, suggesting that the route is exceedingly well organized and lubricated with corruption.
"In 2008, the countries and territories that comprise South- East Europe (a total of 11 countries, including Greece and Cyprus) seized 2.8 mt of heroin in 2008. This is in sharp contrast to what is seized upstream in Turkey (15.5 mt in 2008) and the Islamic Republic of Iran (32 mt in 2008) every year. In other words, for every kg seized in the South East Europe, nearly 6 are seized in Turkey and 11 in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
"Given that approximately 85-90 mt travel through this region, this suggests inadequate controls and poor cooperation in a region where high levels of unemployment and low salaries also create incentives for corruption," the report continues.
However, some cross-border efforts have seen success. The so-called 'Balkan Warrior' anti-narcotics operation involved officers from Serbia, Argentina, the U.S., and Uruguay, and in October last year the joint effort resulted in the seizure of over 2.1 tons of high quality cocaine intended for the European market.
The main figure of the organised crime group believed to be responsible for the attempted shipment, alleged drug lord Darko Saric, is currently at large and a warrant has been issued for his arrest.
Meanwhile, on April 13th, the Serbian Prosecutor’s Office for Organised Crime filed charges against Saric and 19 alleged members of his group on suspicion that they trafficked cocaine. The operation is ongoing.
The UN report also points to organised crime groups in the region as powerful sources of drug trafficking through the Balkans, noting that the profits accrued by these groups are extremely significant and that they are involved in the trafficking of other goods and people as well.
"The routes through this region also operate in the reverse direction with cocaine, precursor chemicals and amphetamine- type stimulants (ATS) moving eastward into Turkey and beyond. Organized crime groups controlling these corridors thus have comparatively better access to more numerous and diversified crime markets than their Northern route counterparts.
"Thus, many tend to be poly-drug (heroin, cannabis et cetera) and poly-crime (trafficking in human beings, weapons and stolen vehicles, to name but a few)".
Local diaspora and inter-ethnic cooperation